The NFL recently announced that it has suspended Tom Brady for four games for his “243-page, more probable than not” role in the Deflategate (AKA Ballghazi) scandal. The Patriots will also be fined $1 million and lose their first round pick in the 2016 NFL draft and their fourth round pick in the 2017 NFL draft. And so concludes yet another chapter in America’s long running love affair with gatesuffixing every scandal du jour, which originated in 1974 with two politically motivated burglaries at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, then located at the Watergate Hotel and Office Building. Ever since we have been awash in gates, or what sociologist John Thompson calls, “scandal syndrome.”
America, however, already enjoyed a deep and rich history of promoting, hawking and branding various forms of misconduct, long before Nixon’s bumbling henchmen had a chance to immeasurably disfigure the lexicon of scandal, going all the way back to our formative years as a country. Here is an abbreviated list of some of the more the noteworthy from a naming perspective:
1797 – The XYZ Affair: A confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to an undeclared war called the Quasi-War. The name derives from the substitution of the letters X, Y and Z for the names of French diplomats in documents released by the Adams administration.
1801 – The Burr Conspiracy: U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr’s goal was to create an independent nation in the center of North America and parts of present-day Mexico.
1804 – The Pickering Affair: Federal Judge John Pickering was impeached and convicted in absentia by the U.S. Senate for drunkenness and use of profanity on the bench in spite of the fact neither act was a high crime or misdemeanor.
1831 – The Petticoat Affair: The husband of Margaret “Peggy” O’Neale was alleged to have been driven to suicide because of her affair with Andrew Jackson’s Secretary of War, John Henry Eaton.
1872 – Crédit Mobilier Scandal: The scandal involved the Union Pacific Railroad and the Crédit Mobilier of America construction company in the building of the eastern portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
1875 – Whiskey Ring: Massive corruption of Ulysses S. Grant’s administration involving whiskey taxes, bribery and kickbacks ending with 110 convictions.
1919 – Black Sox Scandal: The Chicago White Sox lost the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds, and eight White Sox players were later accused of intentionally losing games in exchange for money from gamblers. The players were acquitted in court, but nevertheless, they were all banned for life from baseball.
1919 – Newport Sex Scandal: Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated an investigation into allegations of “immoral conduct” (homosexuality) at the Naval base in Newport, Rhode Island. After the report, which revealed nothing, the investigators themselves were also accused of homosexuality.
1923 – The Makropulos Affair: The Makropulos Affair is a play written by Karel Čapek and first performed in 1922 at the Vinohrady Theatre in Prague.
1924 – Teapot Dome Scandal: A bribery incident that took place in the United States during the administration of President Warren G. Harding. Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall had leased Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming and two other locations in California to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding.
1942 – Water Gate Inn: Operated on the site prior to development of the Watergate complex.
1946 – Gates of the Night (film): Jean Diego meets up with his friend Raymond Lecuyer. A tramp pretending to be Destiny predicts Jean will meet beautiful girl in the world.
1948 – A Foreign Affair (film): In occupied Berlin, an army captain is torn between an ex-Nazi cafe singer and the U.S. congresswoman investigating her.
1950s – Quiz Show Scandals: The American quiz show scandals of the 1950s were a series of revelations that contestants of several popular television quiz shows were secretly given assistance by the show’s producers to arrange the outcome of a supposedly fair competition. The quiz show scandals were driven by a variety of reasons. Some of those reasons included the drive for financial gain, money, the willingness of contestants to “play along” with the assistance, and the lack of current regulations prohibiting the rigging of game shows.
1952 – The Checkers Speech: Senator Richard Nixon had been accused of improprieties relating to a fund established by his backers to reimburse him for his political expenses. With his place on the Republican ticket in doubt, he flew to Los Angeles and delivered a half-hour television address in which he defended himself, attacked his opponents, and urged the audience to contact the Republican National Committee (RNC) to tell it whether he should remain on the ticket. During the speech, he stated that regardless of what anyone said, he intended to keep one gift: a black-and-white dog who had been named Checkers by the Nixon children.
1952 – Scandal Sheet (film): The editor of a New York exploitation newspaper meets the wife he had abandoned years ago, while using another name, at a LonelyHearts ball sponsored by his newspaper.
1953 – Gate of Hell (film): A samurai pursues a married lady-in-waiting.
1955 – William Henry Gates III: The co-founder of Microsoft is born.
1956 – The Catered Affair (film): At breakfast, Jane announces that she and Ralph are getting married the next week. All Jane and Ralph want is a small wedding with the immediate family and no reception.
1957 – Affair in Havana (film): Songwriter falls in love with a crippled man’s wife.
1957 – An Affair to Remember (film): A couple falls in love and agrees to meet in six months at the Empire State Building — but will it happen?
1957 – China Gate (film): a group of mercenaries are recruited to travel through enemy territory to the Chinese border.
1957 – The Gates of Paris (film): An old bum becomes infatuated with a pretty young girl who gets entangled with a young gangster.
1957 – Top Secret Affair (film): The head of a large publishing empire is dismayed when a top army general is about to be appointed to an atomic energy committee. She’s determined to discredit him prior to the appointment.
1959 – Payola: was the practice of record promoters paying DJs or radio programmers to play their labels’ songs. Payola can refer to monetary rewards or other types of reimbursement, and is a tool record labels use to promote certain artists.
1962–1971 – The Watergate Complex: is a group of five buildings next to the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C. in the United States.
1962 – A Very Private Affair (film): When Jill becomes a movie star, she soon discovers that her private life is destroyed by persistent fans that won’t leave her alone. Her mother’s ex-lover, Fabio, tries to protect her.
1962 – Spiegel Affair: The scandal involved a conflict between Franz Josef Strauss, federal minister of defense, and Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of Der Spiegel, Germany’s leading weekly political magazine. The affair cost Strauss his office and, put the postwar German democracy to its first major test.
1963 – The Profumo Affair: A British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan’s government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.
1966 – Family Affair (TV show): Bill Davis is a single bachelor living in Manhattan with his butler Giles French. He is enjoying his life of freedom until his late brother’s three children show up.
1966 – The Munsinger Affair: Canada’s first national political sex scandal. It focused on Gerda Munsinger, an alleged East German prostitute and Soviet spy living in Ottawa who had slept with a number of cabinet ministers in John Diefenbaker’s government.
1968 – The Thomas Crown Affair (film): Directed by Norman Jewison, starring Steve McQueen and Faye Dunaway. It was nominated for two Academy Awards, winning Best Original Song for Michel Legrand’s, “Windmills of Your Mind.”
1969 – Chappaquiddick: SenatorTed Kennedy drove his car into a tidal channel on Chappaquiddick Island, a small island off of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts; passenger Mary Jo Kopechne drowned. Kennedy pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident and received a suspended sentence of two months.
1971 – Scandalous John (film): A crotchety old ranch owner fights to be able to live his life the way he wants to, and not the way other people – and the law – tell him he has to.
1974 – Tidal Basin: U.S. Representative Wilbur Daigh Mills car was stopped by U.S. Park Police late at night because the driver had not turned on the lights. Mills was intoxicated, and his face was injured from a scuffle with Annabelle Battistella, better known as Fanne Foxe, a stripper from Argentina. When police approached the car, Foxe leapt from the car and jumped into the nearby Tidal Basin in an attempt to escape.
1974 – Watergate: The original “gate” scandal got its name from the Watergate Hotel, where two politically motivated burglaries took place in 1972. The Watergate scandal ultimately led to the resignation of U.S. President Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974.
1974 – Corrupt Bargain: Gerald Ford’s 1974 pardon of Richard Nixon was widely described as a “corrupt bargain” by critics of the disgraced former president. Critics claimed that Ford’s pardon was quid pro quo for Nixon’s resignation, which elevated Ford to the presidency.
1975 – Gemini Affair (film): A hopeful young actress is lured to Hollywood by the seduction of fame and fortune.
1976 – Koreagate: A U.S. scandal involving South Korean influence peddling in the U.S. Congress. This was the first scandal after Watergate to receive the -gate suffix.
1977 – The Washington Affair (film): An unscrupulous businessman tries to win a government contract by playing up to the engineer assigned to review the project.
1978 – Gates of Heaven (film): A documentary about a pet cemetery in California, and the people who have pets buried there.
1980 – Abscam: FBI sting involving fake “Arabs” trying to bribe 31 congressmen.
1980 – Billygate: U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s brother, Billy Carter, legally represented the Libyan government as a foreign agent.
1980 – Debategate: An election briefing book for President Jimmy Carter was stolen and given to Ronald Reagan before U.S. presidential election.
1980 – Heaven’s Gate (film): A dramatization of the real-life Johnson County War in 1890 Wyoming, in which a sheriff born into wealth attempts to protect immigrant farmers from rich cattle interests.
1980 – Keating Five: The failure of Lincoln Savings and Loan led to Charles Keating donating to the campaigns of five Senators for help. Keating served 42 months in prison.
1980 – Sewergate: A scandal in which funds from the EPA were selectively used for projects which would aid politicians friendly to the Reagan administration.
1980s – Irangate or Contragate: (see the Iran-Contra Affair)
1985 – Inslaw Affair: a protracted legal case that alleged that top-level officials of President Ronald Reagan’s Department of Justice were involved in software piracy of the Promis program from Inslaw Inc., forcing it into bankruptcy.
1985 – Iran-Contra Affair: A plan conceived by CIA chief William Casey and Oliver North of the National Security Council to sell TOW missiles to Iran for the return of US hostages and then use part of the money received to fund Contra rebels trying to overthrow the left wing government of Nicaragua, all of which was in direct violation of Congress’ Boland Amendment.
1987 – Monkey Business: Gary Hart, Senator while seeking the Democratic nomination for president, Hart was photographed with model Donna Rice on a boat named “Monkey Business” during a trip to the Bahamas. His popularity plummeted and he soon dropped out of the race.
1987 – Ponygate: During the late 1970s and early 1980s, boosters of the SMU Mustangs football program made illicit cash payments to potential recruits, with university officials and football coaches having full knowledge of it. After two former players exposed the scandal in news interviews, the NCAA gave the program the “death penalty” in 1987, shutting the program down for two years, and under strict probation for the following two seasons after that.
1987 – Waterkantgate: A major political scandal in Germany.
1988 – Wedtech Scandal: U.S. Representative Mario Biaggi was convicted of obstruction of justice and accepting illegal gratuities he was sentenced to 2½ years in prison and fined $500K for his role in the Wedtech scandal.
1989 – Hellgate (film): A motorcycle gang kidnaps a young woman. Many years later, the girl’s father finds a magic crystal that can bring life back to dead objects.
1989 – Scandal (film): An English bon vivant osteopath is enchanted with a young exotic dancer and invites her to live with him. He serves as friend and mentor.
1990 – Internal Affairs (film): Young Raymond Avila joins the Internal Affairs Department of the Los Angeles Police Department. He and partner Amy Wallace are soon looking closely at the activities of cop Dennis Peck.
1991 – Billy Bathgate (film): The year is 1935 and a teen named Billy Bathgate finds first love while becoming the protégé of fledgling gangster Dutch Schultz.
1991 – Daryl Gates: On March 3rd Rodney King was arrested and beaten by LAPD officers after a car chase. A bystander, George Holliday, recorded the beating on videotape. Gates and his department faced strong criticism in the aftermath of the beating; Mayor Tom Bradley also called for Gates to resign, but he refused, leading to a stand-off between Gates and the mayor. The Christopher Commission report, issued July 10, 1991, identified a police culture of excessive force and poor supervision, and recommended numerous reforms, as well as Gates’s removal. Gates finally announced his intention to resign on July 13, 1991.
1993 – Barbarians at the Gate (film): The president of a major tobacco company decides to buy the company himself, but a bidding war ensues as other companies make their own offers.
1993 – Hairgate: Controversy surrounding a$200 haircut given to President Bill Clinton on board Air Force One. While the plane was idled on the tarmac at Los Angeles Airport two runways were shut down for an hour. The episode was quickly dubbed “the most expensive haircut in history.”
1993 – Nannygate: A political controversy in the United States wherein the nomination of Zoë Baird and near-nomination of Kimba Wood for U.S. Attorney General were withdrawn due to the hiring of illegal aliens as nannies or the failure to pay taxes for them.
1993 – Travelgate: Controversy surrounding firings of White House Travel Office employees at the start of the Clinton administration.
1994 – Golden Gate (film): A brash 22-year-old FBI agent trumps up charges of Communist spying against a Chinese laundryman. Ten years later, he wants to make amends to the man and his teenage daughter.
1994 – Stargate (film): An interstellar teleportation device, found in Egypt, leads to a planet with humans resembling ancient Egyptians who worship the god Ra.
1994 – Troopergate (1): Allegations by two Arkansas state troopers that they arranged sexual liaisons for then-governor Bill Clinton.
1996 – Chinagate: United States campaign finance controversy.
1997 – Heaven’s Gate: An American UFO religious Millenarian group based in San Diego, California, founded in the early 1970s and led by Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles. On March 26, 1997, police discovered the bodies of 39 members of the group who had committed mass suicide in order to reach what they believed was an alien space craft following Comet Hale–Bopp.
1998 – Filegate: The illegal possession and scrutiny of 300–900 FBI files by the Clinton Administration without the file’s subject’s permission.
1998 – The Lewinsky Scandal: Also know as Lewinskygate, Monicagate, Tailgate, Sexgate, and Zippergate. The “inappropriate relationship” between President Bill Clinton and White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
1999 – The Ninth Gate (film): A rare book dealer, while seeking out the last two copies of a demon text, gets drawn into a conspiracy with supernatural overtones.
2000 – Grannygate: Scandal over the eligibility of Shane Howarth and Brett Sinkinson representing the Wales national team.
2001 – Enemy at the Gates (film): A Russian sniper and a German sniper play a game of cat-and-mouse during the Battle of Stalingrad.
2001 – Pardongate: Controversy surrounding Bill Clinton’s pardons of 140 people on his last day in office as President of the United States, including Patty Hearst.
2002 – Corngate: A political scandal in New Zealand in 2002, which involved the suspected release of genetically modified corn seed in 2000.
2002 – Fajitagate: Three off-duty San Francisco police officers allegedly assaulted two civilians over a bag of steak fajitas (which were mistaken as drugs), leading to the retirement of the chief of police and the firing of his successor.
2003 – Iraqgate: A Finnish scandal involving the leaking of secret documents to Anneli Jäätteenmäki, which helped bring down Paavo Lipponen’s government.
2003 – Plamegate: The revealing, by Robert Novak, of the name of Valerie Plame. Lewis Libby allegedly leaked to the media the identity of Plame, a covert CIA agent who worked on WMDs, in retaliation for her husband, Joseph C. Wilson, criticizing George W. Bush’s justification for the invasion of Iraq.
2003 – Strippergate (San Diego): Operation G-Sting was an FBI probe into bribes and unreported campaign contributions taken by Clark County Commissioners in Clark County, Nevada and city council members in San Diego, California. The scandal was known as Strippergate, especially in San Diego, as these bribes were from the same lobbyist who represented strip clubs.
2003 – Strippergate (Seattle): The 2003 scandal involving zoning laws and connections between strip clubs and organized crime. The investigation encompassed a strip club proprietor who made questionable contributions to city council members in Seattle, Albert Rosellini, a former governor and businessman, and a range of people in both Pierce and King counties in Washington state.
2004 – Nipplegate: (AKA Boobgate) Justin Timberlake revealed Janet Jackson’s breast during the halftime show of Super Bowl XXXVIII.
2004 – Rathergate: The scandal over a forged memo about George W. Bush’s military record that ultimately led to the resignation of Dan Rather as anchor of CBS Evening News.
2005 – Beyond the Gates (film): After the airplane of the Hutu President of Rwanda is shot down, the Hutu militias slaughter the Tutsi population.
2005 – Camillagate: Followed the release of a tape of an intimate telephone conversation between Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles.
2005 – Katrinagate: The criticism of the government response to Hurricane Katrina consisted primarily of condemnations of mismanagement and lack of preparation in the relief effort in response to Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath.
2006 – Closetgate: The controversy that erupted following the broadcast of the South Park episode “Trapped in the Closet,” a satirical parody of the Church of Scientology and some of its famous adherents, such as Tom Cruise.
2006 – Toiletgate: The allegations by Veselin Topalov and his manager Silvio Danailov during the World Chess Championship 2006 that Topalov’s opponent Vladimir Kramnik was visiting the toilet suspiciously frequently.
2006 – Lawyergate: Refers to President Bush firing, without explanation, eleven Republican federal prosecutors whom he himself had appointed. It is alleged they were fired for prosecuting Republicans and not prosecuting Democrats.
2006 – Reutersgate: The controversy over Reuters photographer Adnan Hajj manipulating news photos with Photoshop.
2007 – Hell’s Gate (film): John Cecil Kevin needs cash and now he owes money to the mob. But more than an ex-con can make legally. He’s been trying to go clean but his ex-prison mate talks him into one last job!
2007 – Spygate: The scandal involving the New England Patriots’ videotaping of the New York Jets defensive signals during a 2007 NFL game.
2007 – Troopergate (2): Controversy involving New York Governor Eliot Spitzer, who allegedly ordered the state police to create special records of senate majority leader Joseph L. Bruno’s whereabouts when he traveled with police escorts in New York City.
2008 – Angolagate: Arms sales to the Government of Angola by the Government of France between 1993 and 2000.
2008 – The Edwards Affair: John Edwards, a former Senator and a Democratic Party vice-presidential and presidential candidate, admitted to an extramarital affair in August 2008. The affair was initially reported in late-2007 by The National Enquirer.
2008 – Mammygate: Gloria Squitiro, wife of Kansas City Mayor Mark Funkhouser, allegedly called one of her secretaries “mammy.” The secretary, Ruth Bates, who is black, sued the city council for discrimination. The case was settled in 2009.
2008 – The Spitzer Scandal: The New York Times reported that New York Governor Eliot Spitzer had patronized an elite escort service run by Emperors Club VIP. The ensuing scandal led to Spitzer’s resignation.
2008 – Squidgygate: Tape of a telephone conversation between Diana, Princess of Wales and a male friend.
2008 – The Gates of Hell (film): Five adventurous filmmakers set out to make an online interactive movie exploring the nature of evil. But soon they find themselves the subject of their own intentions.
2008 – Troopergate (3): The controversy surrounding allegations that Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, the 2008 Republican vice-presidential nominee for the United States presidential election, fired the state’s public safety commissioner, allegedly for not cooperating with her demand that he dismiss her former brother-in-law, a state trooper.
2009 – The Sanford Affair: For six days in June 2009, South Carolina Governor Mark Sanford’s whereabouts were unknown and there was media coverage of what was described as his disappearance. Subsequently the Governor reappeared and reported that he had been in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with a woman with whom he was having an extramarital affair.
2010 – Affair (film): A love triangle turns into a nightmare between three friends.
2010 – Antennagate: The name Apple founder Steve Jobs gave to the controversy over the iPhone 4’s antenna after initial users complained of dropped calls and Consumer Reports would not recommend it.
2010 – Bigotgate: UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown is accidentally recorded calling a party supporter a bigot.
2010 – Brothelgate: The series of events that lead to the resignation of the Irish Minister of Defence Willie O’Dea.
2010 – Cablegate: WikiLeaks began to release American diplomatic cables from a trove of over 250,000.
2010 – Tigergate: A series of alleged and admitted marital infidelities by golf superstar Tiger Woods.
2010 – Tripgate: During a December 11, 2010 NFL game between the New York Jets and Miami Dolphins, the Jets’ strength and conditioning coach Sal Alosi tripped Dolphins runner Nolan Carroll as he ran down the Jets sideline. The Jets suspended Alosi indefinitely for setting up a “wall” on the sideline and claimed that “he acted alone in doing so.”
2011 – Gate Gate (TV show): All is well in David’s life until his parents go head-to-head for the neighborhood board seat and take dirty politics to another level.
2011 – Hackgate: (AKA “Rupertgate” or “Murdochgate“) Allegations that the now defunct News of the World had hacked into the phones of celebrities, politicians, members of the British Royal Family, and victims of crime.
2011 – Tattoogate: In May 2011, Jim Tressell, the head coach for the Ohio State Buckeyes resigned amid allegations that he lied in order to cover up activities, including tattoos, undertaken in violation of NCAA rules by players he was coaching.
2011 – The Petraeus Affair: General David Petraeus’s extra marital affair with Paula Broadwell.
2011 – Weinergate: U.S. Representative Anthony Weiner’s Twitter account linked to an inappropriate photograph. Weiner claimed that his account had been hacked, but later admitted he sent the tweet; numerous other lewd photographs from Weiner were later revealed. In 2013, after he resigned from the House and attempted to return to politics by running for mayor of New York City, it was revealed that he had been involved in another sexting relationship with a woman in her early twenties.
2012 – Scandal: An american television series in which Olivia Pope, a former media consultant to the president, is ready to move on with her life and opens her own crisis-management firm, but she can’t seem to shake ties with her past.
2012 – Bladegate: Controversy arisen during the 2012 Summer Paralympics when athlete Oscar Pistorius questioned the size of the running blade of fellow amputee sprinter Alan Oliveira on live television when the former unexpectedly caught up with Pistorius and narrowly overtook him before the finishing line at the Men’s 200 meters final.
2012 – Bountygate: The NFL discovered that from 2009 to 2011, a number of New Orleans Saints players and defensive coordinator Gregg Williams had operated a “bounty” scheme, illegal under league rules, in which defensive players received financial rewards for big plays, including those that injured offensive players.
2013 – Sodagate: During a game at Barclays Center between the Brooklyn Nets and Los Angeles Lakers with no timeouts remaining, then Nets coach Jason Kidd communicated to Tyshawn Taylor during a stop, “Hit me,” while holding a cup of soda. The ensuing spillage delayed the game and allowed for the Nets’ coaching staff to draw up a final play as they were down 96–94. Although the Nets eventually lost, the incident caused much controversy among fans and the media, and after a league review deeming the event incidental, the NBA fined Kidd $50,000.
2013 – Spingate: Near the end of the 2013 Federated Auto Parts 400 race in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series at Richmond International Raceway on September 7, 2013, team orders became an issue in order to ensure certain drivers would make the Chase for the Sprint Cup. Michael Waltrip Racing driver Clint Bowyer spun in turn 4 on lap 393 of 400 to bring out a caution while Michael Waltrip Racing’s general manager and vice president Ty Norris ordered Brian Vickers to pit, both in an attempt to help Michael Waltrip Racing driver Martin Truex, Jr. make the Chase over Ryan Newman, who was leading the race before the caution caused by Bowyer. Carl Edwards won the race and Truex made the Chase while Newman did not. A few days after the race, Michael Waltrip Racing was fined $300,000 while Bowyer and Truex both lost 50 points, enough to knock Truex out of the Chase and allow Newman to make it.
2014 – Bridgegate: Allegations New Jersey Governor Chris Christie’s administration ordered lane closures from Fort Lee, New Jersey, to the George Washington Bridge because the Fort Lee mayor did not endorse his reelection.
2014 – Bumpgate: A controversial fist bump from NFL officials after a running touchdown against the Buffalo Bills by CJ Anderson of the Denver Broncos led some fans and players to believe a conspiracy existed against the team.
2014 – Fangate: In a 2014 Florida gubernatorial election debate Governor Rick Scott did not take the stage for seven minutes after learning that his Democratic opponent, former Gov. Charlie Crist, had a small electric fan underneath his lectern, which Scott’s campaign and debate organizers stated was against the agreed rules. Scott was subsequently criticized for nearly derailing a debate over a trivial issue.
2014 – Gamergate: A controversy within and about video game culture, involving issues of misogyny, harassment and a debate over ethics in video game journalism.
2015 – Deflategate: (AKA Ballghazi) After the 2015 AFC Championship game, the NFL acknowledged it was investigating reports that the game balls had been deflated. Patriots coach Bill Belichick stated he knew nothing of the reports until the morning following the game, and that he and the team would “cooperate fully” with any investigation. Brady called the allegation “ridiculous.”
Sources: This is list was compiled from a various Wikipedia pages including the List of scandals with “-gate” suffix page.